Before talking about Namespaces in Linux, it is very important to know that what namespaces actually is?
In Linux, namespaces are used to provide isolation for objects from other objects. So that anything will happen in namespaces will remain in that particular namespace and doesn't affect other objects of other namespaces. For example:- we can have the same type of objects in different namespaces as they are isolated from each other.
Now you would be having a good conceptual idea of Namespace let's try to understand them in the context of Linux Operating System.
In the above figure, we have a process named 1 which is the first PID and from 1 parent process there are new PIDs are generated just like a tree. If you see the 6th PID in which we are creating a subtree, there actually we are creating a different namespace. In the new namespace, 6th PID will be its first and parent PID. So the child processes of 6th PID cannot see the parent process or namespace but the parent process can see the child PIDs of the subtree.
I hope you have got a clear understanding of Namespaces concepts & what purpose they serve in a Linux OS. The next blog of this series will talk about how we use namespace to restrict usage of system resources such as network, mounts, cgroups...